Institutional Architecture and Development: Establishing Development Agencies in 9 Developing Countries
Institutional Architecture and Development: Responses from Emerging Powers, edited by Elizabeth Sidiropoulos, Jorge A Pérez Pineda, Sachin Chaturvedi and Thomas Fues, is now available from Jacana Media:
South-South Cooperation has come a long way since the Buenos Aires Declaration of 1978. In 2010 the UN estimated that global volumes of SSC amounted to about US$15 billion. Although still smaller than the ODA provided by the developed world (US$130 billion), SSC is now much larger than 30 years ago. Southern actors are certain to play a stronger role in development cooperation as their economic weight increases and governments realise the full potential of intensified links with developing countries. As they continue transforming their national systems for SSC, such countries must address the following questions: Will they orientate their support towards genuine development objectives or will they put their own economic and geopolitical objectives at the centre? Will Southern providers be prepared to mobilise public resources for the provision of global public goods such as climate stability, whether in the form of transfers to developing countries or by financial contributions to international organisations? Will they restrict political dialogue and the sharing of experiences to their own camp or will they support a universal framework for global development governance?
The intergovernmental negotiations at the UN for a post-2015 agenda for global development offer an attractive venue for Southern players to address these questions among others and to clarify their roles and ambitions in the global system. It is clear, however, that the urgency and scale of global problems can be addressed only by comprehensive contributions from rising powers and middle income countries subscribing to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities.
As SSC has grown, it has been accompanied by efforts in many of these emerging countries to systematise the institutional architecture of their development cooperation. This volume focuses on the efforts of nine developing countries in the middle-income bracket, which play a role in their regions, or are recognised regional powers, to establish development agencies.
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